Internet governance and critical internet resources
What is Critical Internet Resources?
Elements of Internet infrastructure critical for its secure and stable functioning. They include, but are not limited to name root servers, Internet’s backbone structures and the domain name system, addresses and Internet transmission protocols.
Internet has the potential to improve our quality of life, in particular our economic, social and cultural development, and our democratic citizenship. The potential for us all to develop and improve the quality of our lives will be limited unless we make the Internet sustainable, robust, secure and stable.
.ZADNA CEO Vika Mpisane discussing critical internet resources at South Africa Internet Governance Forum (ZAIGF)
— ZA IGF (@ZA_IGF) September 22, 2016
During the WSIS process the United Nations Working Group on Internet Governance described critical Internet resources as including –
- Administration of the DNS system
- Internet Protocol addresses
- Root server system administration
- Technical standards
- Peering, and interconnection,
- Telecommunication infrastructure
The Domain Name System (DNS):
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. DNS translates domain names, which can be easily memorized by humans, to the numerical IP addresses needed for the purpose of computer services and devices worldwide. The Domain Name System is an essential component of the functionality of most Internet services because it is the Internet’s primary directory service.
To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer – a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn’t have one global Internet.
Effective root server operations are an essential component in providing a stable and secure, globally interoperable Internet.
For the DNS to work, there must be servers that respond to the queries that initiate
the translation between domain names and the values associated with those
names. These servers, called ‘root servers’, form an important part of the DNS.
ICANN co-ordinates the operation and evolution of the DNS root name server system. Read more