ZA supports a second level domain (SLD) structure which means that domain names can only be registered under an SLD e.g. yourname.gov.za or yourname.net.za.
ZADNA decides which SLDs should be added to .za, which current SLDs should be reviewed, and the entities that should be entrusted with operating the SLDs.
Moderated and un-moderated SLDs
There are two second-level domain (SLD) categories in .za: moderated SLDs and un-moderated SLDs.
These SLDs are only open to designated group/s and as such, require applicants to meet set eligibility requirement/s.
Un-moderated SLDs accept domain name applications without imposing eligibility requirements. ZADNA has appointed the ZA Central Registry (ZACR) to operate all un-moderated SLDs.
Active vs inactive SLDs
Most of the .za SLDs are active (i.e. they accept new domain name applications) but there are a limited number of SLDs that remain inactive (i.e. they do not accept any new domain name applications, and only maintain names already registered in the SLD).
* The SLD is dormant i.e. it no longer accepts new domain name applications, but only maintains already existing (i.e. historical) names.
** The SLD is open to accept registrations from South Africans and non-South Africans.
There a limited number of historical private SLDs that ZADNA inherited when it assumed the management of .za from the previous .za administrator. These are:
ZADNA no longer accepts any addition of private SLDs because of its commitment to maintaining the SLD structure.
In August 2007, ZADNA deleted a number of .za SLDs following public consultation based on the .za SLD deletions policy. The SLDs were subsequently removed from the .za zone file and rendered inactive. These are:
.ZA Second Level Domains Delegation History
26 May 1996
Tertiary Education Network (TENET)
13 December 1991
30 October 1995
Theuns Laubscher, ICG
23 August 1994
Sean White, Sean Greven, Karl Hohls
16 October 1998
Law Society of the Cape of Good Hope
24 February 1997
Department of Defence
29 March 1998
5 December 1994
9 November 1993
15 May 1997
27 October 1993
ARC & Company
8 March 1994
Mark R V Murray
1 March 1994
Network Information Systems
25 January 1996
29 March 1998
17 April 1996
Org.za Net.za & Web.za Re-Launch
The org.za net.za and web.za namespace were transitioned to the management of the ZA Central Registry in 2014. The links below provide crucial information regarding this transition and re-launch process.
ZADNA also plays the role of a policy developer and driver for .za.
Some of its current policies include the .ZA SLD Delegation Policy, SLD Charters, SLD Deletions Policy and other policies, including policies currently under consultation.
Policies are developed in consultation with .za registries, registrars, the internet community and the public.
In line with ZADNA management and operations policies ZADNA developed and published The ZA SLD Operational Standards that must adhered to by the ZA SLD operators. This was done after consultation with .ZA Second-level domain operators and administrators.
DOMAIN NAME DISPUTES
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.za Domain Name Authority (ZADNA) is the statutory regulator and manager of the .ZA -the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for South Africa.
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