ZA supports a second level domain (SLD) structure which means that domain names can only be registered under an SLD e.g. yourname.gov.za or yourname.net.za.
ZADNA decides which SLDs should be added to .za, which current SLDs should be reviewed, and the entities that should be entrusted with operating the SLDs.
Moderated and un-moderated SLDs
There are two second-level domain (SLD) categories in .za: moderated SLDs and un-moderated SLDs.
These SLDs are only open to designated group/s and as such, require applicants to meet set eligibility requirement/s.
Un-moderated SLDs accept domain name applications without imposing eligibility requirements. ZADNA has appointed the ZA Central Registry (ZACR) to operate all un-moderated SLDs.
Active vs inactive SLDs
Most of the .za SLDs are active (i.e. they accept new domain name applications) but there are a limited number of SLDs that remain inactive (i.e. they do not accept any new domain name applications, and only maintain names already registered in the SLD).
The following SLDs are active:
|Law.za (no website)||Cape Law Society||Moderated|
|Mil.za (no website)||Dept of Defence||Moderated|
|Ngo.za* (no website)||Sangonet||Moderated|
|Tm.za* (no website)||Peter Henning||Moderated|
* The SLD is dormant i.e. it no longer accepts new domain name applications, but only maintains already existing (i.e. historical) names.
** The SLD is open to accept registrations from South Africans and non-South Africans.
There a limited number of historical private SLDs that ZADNA inherited when it assumed the management of .za from the previous .za administrator. These are:
ZADNA no longer accepts any addition of private SLDs because of its commitment to maintaining the SLD structure.
In August 2007, ZADNA deleted a number of .za SLDs following public consultation based on the .za SLD deletions policy. The SLDs were subsequently removed from the .za zone file and rendered inactive. These are:
.ZA Second Level Domains Delegation History
|AC.ZA||26 May 1996||Tertiary Education Network (TENET)|
|CO.ZA||13 December 1991||UniForum SA|
|EDU.ZA||30 October 1995||Theuns Laubscher, ICG|
|GOV.ZA||23 August 1994||Sean White, Sean Greven, Karl Hohls|
|LAW.ZA||16 October 1998||Law Society of the Cape of Good Hope|
|MIL.ZA||24 February 1997||Department of Defence|
|NOM.ZA||29 March 1998||Mike Jensen|
|ORG.ZA||5 December 1994||Internet Solutions|
|SCHOOL.ZA||9 November 1993||SchoolNet SA|
|NET.ZA||4 June1992||Mike Lawrie|
|WEB.ZA||15 May 1997||Alfred Sauer|
|AGRIC.ZA||27 October 1993||ARC & Company|
|GRONDAR.ZA||8 March 1994||Mark R V Murray|
|NIS.ZA||1 March 1994||Network Information Systems|
|ALT.ZA||25 January 1996||Alan Barrett|
|NGO.ZA||29 March 1998||SANGONeT|
|TM.ZA||17 April 1996||Peter Henning|
ZADNA also plays the role of a policy developer and driver for .za.
Some of its current policies include the .ZA SLD Delegation Policy, SLD Charters, SLD Deletions Policy and other policies, including policies currently under consultation.
Policies are developed in consultation with .za registries, registrars, the internet community and the public.
ZADNA developed The ZA SLD Operational Standards that must adhered to by the ZA SLD operators.